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划艇

皮划艇基础教程-澎逸动画演示版 (第四课 如何用桨)

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发表于 2017-9-10 12:04 显示全部帖子 | 只看本帖大图
先声明一下,这个是国外网站的,www.kayakpaddling.net  整理了中文,同时制作了gif动画。

划艇运动是国内才兴起的一项运动。是一项新兴起的运动,也是一项古老的运动。在国外蓬勃发展。国内也是渐渐兴起。对于皮划艇的基础知识的普及信息非常少。基于此澎逸收集整理制作了一系列教程。希望可以通过这个让大家更好的掌握皮划艇的技术技巧,享受皮划艇运动的健康快乐。

      ----澎逸吴树升(欢迎 转载 注明出处)


How to hold the paddle
如何划桨

Before we start paddling, we need to learn the correct technique to hold the paddle. Although this might sound obvious, there are some tricks worth knowing.

在划船前,需要了解船桨的工作原理,合适的握法。虽然看似容易,但有不少值得留意的小技巧。

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When you swim, you bend your fingers slightly into to the form of a cup. Most kayak paddles do the same with their blades. The cup of the blade is called the power face, since it creates the power that moves the kayak. The back of the blade, is called the back face.
比如,您在游泳的时候,划水的手掌会形成一个凹形,一些标准的桨,例如Europaddles,它们的桨面也是有弧度的。内凹的一面称为施力面,因为这一面产生推进舟体的动力。另一面就叫做背面。
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Most paddle blades are slightly asymmetrical, meaning that the upper edge of the blade is longer that the lower edge. To ensure that your paddle travels smoothly through the water, make sure that you are not holding your paddle upsidedown.

大多数的船桨桨面稍微有些不对称,以帮助船桨在水下更平滑地运动,所以不要拿反船桨。 正确的是短刃是在下面的。长刃是在上面。
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Recommended grip width is roughly the distance between your elbows or a little less. While paddling, it's usually a good idea to change your grip width every now and then so that the workload is spread evenly amongst your muscles. Wide grip gives you more power and control. Narrow grip is usually more pleasant for long distance paddling.
推荐的两手握桨间距大致和两肘距离相同,或稍小一些。在划船时,可以自由调整该间距,以便于更好地在各个肌肉上分配负载。如果需要更大的划船力量或控制力,可以稍微增大间距,相反,如果长途滑行,可以适度缩小。(双手对称握住船桨,让船桨的抓水面正对着自己,举起来船桨顶在头顶后,手臂的小臂和大臂的角度约30度就是我们肘部的距离,也是合乎科学的抓桨的距离。)


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Typically a touring paddle' blades are feathered, meaning that the blades point to different directions. A bit like the blades of an airplane propeller. This helps reduce the air resistance of the raised blade.
Paddles can be feathered for left- and right-handed paddlers. Unless you plan to kayak with only your own paddle, try to learn to use a right-handed feather, as left-handed paddles are not commonly found at rental shops and outfitters.
The following instructions are for right hand feathered paddles.

典型的旅行舟桨片有一个角度差,像飞机的螺旋桨,这样有利于减小风对水面之上桨片的阻力。一只桨有左手桨和右手桨之分,左手桨为左撇子设计,较少见,后文主要针对右手桨。

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Your right hand is your control hand. This means that your grip is fixed and does not change during the strokes. You can control the angle of the blade by your right hand.
Don't hold the paddle too tight, otherwise your hands will quickly tire.
右手桨:您的右手是控制手,这意味着,该手握桨处是固定的,而且在划桨过程中不改变。控制手用来调整桨面的运动角度。不要过于用力地抓着船桨,不然容易疲劳。
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Your left hand should grasp the paddle shaft loosely, to allow your right hand to twist the paddle to desired angles for turning, bracing and rolling.
The "right hand fixed, left hand loose" technique is ideal for a wide variety of strokes, recoveries and manoeuvers.

您的左手松握桨杆,让右手来调整桨的角度,用来划水、击水借力和翻船后的翻滚复位。“右手紧,左手松”是个比较理想的方式,适用于不同类型的划水、复位和转向动作。



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