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划艇

皮划艇基础教程-澎逸动画演示版 (第六课 桨当后舵)

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发表于 2017-9-12 21:32 显示全部帖子 | 只看本帖大图
先声明一下,这个是国外网站的,www.kayakpaddling.net  整理了中文,同时制作了gif动画。

划艇运动是国内才兴起的一项运动。是一项新兴起的运动,也是一项古老的运动。在国外蓬勃发展。国内也是渐渐兴起。对于皮划艇的基础知识的普及信息非常少。基于此澎逸收集整理制作了一系列教程。希望可以通过这个让大家更好的掌握皮划艇的技术技巧,享受皮划艇运动的健康快乐。

      ----澎逸吴树升(欢迎 转载 注明出处)


桨当后舵
Paddle as stern rudder

      有许多不同的方法可让船变向,最“简单”的可以采用一个以脚蹬来控制的船舵。不过这个装置太豪华了,我们需要更实用的办法。在本部分,我们来看看如何使用船桨来达到船尾舵的功效。这是一个非常好的办法,让我们即使在风、浪、洋流影响下,也能保持或快速地改变航向。
There are several methods to make the kayak go to a desired direction. The easiest technique is a built in rudder that is controlled with foot pedals. But you should learn to survive also without such a luxury equipment.
On this section we will learn to use the paddle as a stern rudder. It is a quick and powerful way to keep direction or change it rapidly. Stern rudder or stern draw is especially usable when wind, waves or water current tries to overtake control.
However, the downsides are that it slows you down and breaks your paddling rhythm. That is the reason why you should not consider the stern rudder your primary method for fine tuning direction.
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学习这个方法时,先让船正常前行,知道您获得了足够的速度。
To learn how stern rudder is done, you need to have the kayak moving. So for beginning, paddle forward until you gain a good speed.

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然后在一次正常的划桨动作中,让桨停留在水中,并继续向后划,知道桨面几乎和船体两两并排。这时,如果您让桨面的上缘外翻稍远离船体,船会向桨所在一侧变向;如果桨面与水面垂直,船将直行;相反,如果桨面上缘贴近船体,船将转向相反的一侧。
After a normal forward stroke, let the paddle stay in water and continue the stroke behind you until the paddle is almost parallel to the kayak.
If you keep the upper edge of the blade tilted away from the kayak, the kayak will turn to the side where the paddle is. Keeping the blade in about vertical angle makes the kayak go straight and tilting the blade's upper edge towards the kayak, will make the kayak turn to the opposite side.

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小提示:
          把船桨当船尾舵主要用于让船转向,但也可以方便地运用于其他目的。
          在船前行时,让桨面水平保持在水中,这样您就可以得到一段时间的支持。这个在您需要向后方看时,尤其有用。
          如果想让船减速,把船桨水平按在水中,向前下按即可。

TIPS:
– While steering the kayak might be the primary purpose for using stern rudder, it is quite easily transformed for other purposes also.
– When the kayak is moving forward, put the blade in horizontal angle, and you can use the stern rudder for getting support for a while. This is useful for example if you need to look behind.
– And to use the paddle for slowing down, just keep the blade horizontal and push it down under the water.

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