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划艇

皮划艇基础教程-澎逸动画演示版 (第十二课 湿逃脱)

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发表于 2017-10-19 17:12 显示全部帖子 | 只看本帖大图
划艇运动是国内才兴起的一项运动。是一项新兴起的运动,也是一项古老的运动。在国外蓬勃发展。国内也是渐渐兴起。对于皮划艇的基础知识的普及信息非常少。基于此澎逸收集整理制作了一系列教程。希望可以通过这个让大家更好的掌握皮划艇的技术技巧,享受皮划艇运动的健康快乐。

      ----澎逸吴树升(欢迎 转载 注明出处)

湿逃脱是穿防水裙使用皮划艇的必备技能。在没有熟练掌握湿逃脱技巧前,使用皮划艇是不能使用防水裙的。可能会造成一定的危险。湿逃脱有几个关键点,第一是保护好船桨不能脱落遗失。第二在下水前一定要注意防水裙的救命绳是在外面的。第三关于动作用四步来记忆,1抱(抱住皮划艇,人头部贴住艇身,放置皮划艇飘动的时候头部撞上水底的石头)2拍(拍打皮划艇背部,提醒伙伴注意)3摸(摸有没有伙伴的艇靠近,前来救援)4脱(没有伙伴救援,用手拉住救命绳)脱离皮划艇。每个步骤都很重要。切实的做到位。----编者




湿逃脱(穿着防水群的脱离倾覆的皮划艇的方法)
Exiting a capsized kayak

幸运地是,从翻覆的海洋舟中脱身常常是自动的。但是如何在不丢失船桨和海洋舟的情况下平稳出仓,这需要一些实践才行。
Luckily, getting out of a capsized kayak is usually almost aUTOmatic. But learning to do it calmly and without loosing hold from your paddle or kayak needs a little practice.

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您应该懂得在如何水下行动或拖着船游泳,这在练习爱斯基摩翻滚时,压水平衡时或其他容易导致湿身的情况下,特别有用。  从翻覆的海洋舟中脱身只需要几秒钟,所以您不必是个潜水强人。但在练习时,最好还是有和同伴相陪,而且需要先查明一下练习地点有足够的水深,否则您可能会头部撞到水底而受伤。
You should know how to act underwater or swim with the kayak especially if you want to practise eskimo rolls, braces or other things where getting wet is inevitable.Remember that getting out of the capsized kayak takes only a few seconds so you don't have to be a diving master. But always have a friend nearby when practising. Also check that the water is deep enough so that you won't be banging your head to the bottom.

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练习开始时,可能不穿防水裙为好,但我们需要明白在穿着防水裙时如何动作。
检查防水裙的带子(救命绳)在您伸手可及的地方。把您的膝盖抵住海洋舟的甲板,这样您在海洋舟翻覆后仍能在船舱里坐稳。用正常握桨手法握桨。 在翻覆时,吸气并向翻覆的一边稍微侧身。舟翻过来后,首先保持冷静,体位放正。
First it might be a good idea to practice without a spray skirt, but now we are going to see how things are done with the skirt.
Check that the spray skirt's handle is at your reach. Push your knees tightly against the deck so that you are able to sit tightly even after the kayak capsizes. Hold the paddle with a normal paddling grip. Breathe in and lean forward and to the side until you capsize.

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   如果您有朋友在附近,您可以试着让他们看到并得到帮助。这时,把船桨固定在您的腹部和舟之间,以防船桨漂走。双周拍击朝上的船底,以引起朋友们的注意。如果您的朋友行动及时,他们能用自己kayak的船首靠近您,让您用手按着其船首翻过您的kayak来。 这个技术属于有协助的爱斯基摩翻转,也是最简单的一种方法。但更经常的情况时,您在翻船后,没有足够的时间或耐心等待您朋友的到来,这时您可以选择自己出舱。
First try to stay calm and orientate.
If you have friends nearby you can try to get help from them. Put your paddle between your hands and your stomach so that it does not float away. Bang the bottom of the kayak to get the attention of other paddlers and start waving your hands above the surface. If your friend is fast enough, he can bring his kayak's bow to your reach and you can pull yourself up by holding it. This method is called an assisted eskimo rescue.
But most likely you don't have the time nor patience to wait until your friend's arrival so you need to get out.

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当您准备好出舱后,把握好船桨以防丢失,然后打开防水裙。(防水裙的拉手应该好好放置在裙的外侧)。翻身出舱时,船桨放在双臂之间,一手牢牢抓住舱沿,然后钻出舱来到kayak的一侧。过程中尽量让头先出水面,以免受到撞击。最后可以把双脚在水下抵住舱边沿,可以有效的防止失去kayak。
When you feel like ready to exit the kayak, place the paddle securely to your lap, grab the spray skirt's handle and pull the skirt off.
TIP:
– If for some reason the handle would have been accidentally left inside the spray skirt, you could remove the skirt just by grabbing straight from the edge of it and pulling. Usually the best place for this is at the side.
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一抱
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二拍
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三摸
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四脱

出舱后,如果您不得不拖着kayak游泳,那么最好是让kayak底部朝上。这样一来舱内的空气使kayak难以沉没,而且浪也不会再往舱中灌水。不管什么原因,您丢失了船和桨,那么先去抓船,然后再去找桨。应该风浪更容易带走kayak,而桨可能还在原处。
         带着kayak游泳的最好办法是拖着它游。首先,把握住船首,把桨也用同一只手控制住。泳姿这是并不重要。
         带着kayak游泳是件在好天气下也很困难的事情,而且附近可能远离陆地。所以我们需要其他的办法也自救。一个绝对需要记住的事:觉得不要放弃您的kayak,即使它已经半沉了。因为它还能让你浮在水上,而且救援时,发现kayak比发现游泳者要容易。

If you are forced to swim with the kayak it is usually a good idea to keep it upside down. This way the air that is trapped inside the kayak will prEVENT the kayak from sinking and the waves will not splash extra water inside the cockpit. If for some reason you have lost the hold of your kayak or your paddle, reach to your kayak first and then look for your paddle. The reason for this is that the wind and waves will push the kayak further quite eASIly, but most likely your paddle will stay at its place.
The best way to swim with the kayak is by pulling it. First grab the kayak from its bow and put the paddle to that same hand. The swimming technique doesn't really matter.
Swimming with the kayak is extremely hard even at the good weather and there might not be any land nearby. Therefore it is essential to also learn other methods to rescue yourself. One good rule of thumb is that you should never abandon your kayak since - even if it would be half sunken - it will keep you above the surface and spotting a kayak out of the water is much easier compared to a lonesome swimmer.
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