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划艇

皮划艇基础教程-澎逸动画演示版 (第十五节 H型救援-他人协助上艇)

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发表于 2017-12-21 11:29 显示全部帖子 | 只看本帖大图
划艇运动是国内才兴起的一项运动。是一项新兴起的运动,也是一项古老的运动。在国外蓬勃发展。国内也是渐渐兴起。对于皮划艇的基础知识的普及信息非常少。基于此澎逸收集整理制作了一系列教程。希望可以通过这个让大家更好的掌握皮划艇的技术技巧,享受皮划艇运动的健康快乐。
      ----澎逸吴树升(欢迎 转载 注明出处)



足挂式救援 (H型上艇)
Heel hook rescue
     有多种办法让一个不小心掉到水中的舟友重新坐回舱内。哪一种方法最好?要视具体的情况而定。现在我们介绍一种脚跟挂足式方法。相对著名的“X”式方法,本方法更加灵活,需要的上身力量也相对较少。
请注意,重新入船前需要尽可能多地排掉舱内的水。具体方法参考上一节。具体入船步骤如下:
There are numerous different methods to assist an unfortunate paddler back to kayak. The best technique depends on the situation. The technique that we are now about to learn is called "heel hook rescue". It is one of the most reliable techniques. And for example, if compared to more famous x-rescue, the heel hook requires a lot less upper body strength and flexibility.
Note that it might be a good idea to empty the kayak from most of the water before the paddler gets back in. The method for emptying the kayak is explained in tutorial Assisted kayak emptying. On the next pages we will see the heel hook rescue done step by step.
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     协助救援的舟友把自己的kayak靠近已经排掉舱内入水的翻覆kayak。最好以两船首方向相反的方式让两船相互紧挨着。这时,两船有一端会成一个小角度。救援舟友负责保管两人的船桨,放在两船之上,这样船桨不会丢失,而且救援者能腾出双手,来抓牢对方kayak的座舱前缘。救援者这时身体倾向被救援kayak一侧,身体大致位于被救援kayak座舱前缘上方。
The helper places the kayak right next to the swimmer's kayak so that the kayaks bows point to opposite directions. Then the helper takes the swimmers paddle and puts both of the paddles on his lap. There they are safe and leave both hands free so that the helper can take a firm grip over the swimmer's kayak's cockpit coaming. The swimmer positions himself to the other side of his own kayak, right behind the cockpit.
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     落水的舟友双臂越过自己船座舱后甲板,紧抓住救援舟友的kayak。抓的部分可以是kayak上的护绳,也可以是对方的座舱边缘。然后落水周友爬上座舱后部,同时顺势把一只脚伸入自己的座舱中,把脚面卡在座舱底和座舱前缘之间。
The swimmer places his arms on the rear deck of his own kayak and takes a grip from the helper's kayak, either from the deck ropes or from the cockpit coaming. Then the swimmer pulls his upper body on the rear deck and simultaneously swings the other leg inside the cockpit and hooks the heel inside the cockpit, right under the front deck.
动画-1.gif

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     当卡好这只脚之后,就很容易利用该腿的力量,把自己转身翻上kayak。请注意,这一过程需要救援周友用较大的力气抓牢落水周友的kayak,而且落水者应该避免使用突然性的快速动作。
After the heel is hooked inside, it is fairly easy for the swimmer to pull himself on the rear deck by using his leg muscles. Remember that this phase may require a lot of strength from the helper, so swimmer should avoid doing any fast movements.
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     落水周友翻上自己kayak后,将双脚伸入座舱,调整好坐姿。救援周友仍需要确保两kayak靠在一起,等对方用排水气筒排完舱内余水,并把防水裙重新装好后,才算结束。
The swimmer moves his both legs to cockpit and carefully turns himself back to sitting position. The helper keeps the kayaks together until the swimmer gets his spray skirt secured and pumps the remaining water out with a water pump or bailer.
动画3-压缩.gif

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完整的运作动画
完整动画-压缩.gif

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